Tn Conte Rosso (1922)

THE ITALIAN ATLANTIC LINER CONTE ROSSO
Questa bellissima nave passaggeri del Lloyd Sabaudo fu costruita in Inghilterra, e questa documentazione é stata tratta da una importante pubblicazione inglese  del 1922. Vale la pena di leggersela.

(Reproduced From the London “Engineering” of February 17th & 24th. 1922).

          The standard of comfort, convenience and elegance attained in the public rooms and accommodation of passenger steamers, which has now advanced steadily for many years past, has been carried a distinct step forward in the Conte Rosso which has completed her trials this week. This vessel has been designed by Messrs. William Beardinore & Co., Limited, and built by them at their Dalmuir Works for the Lloyd Sabaudo Company, of Genoa, who will employ her in their passenger and cargo service between Italy, South America and North America.
          The Conte Rosso is of the shelter-deck type (without tonnage opening), and has been built under special survey to the highest class
of Lloyd’s Register, the British Corporation and the Registro Navale Italiano. She also complies in every respect with the requirements of
the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, and with the latest regulations of the Italian and American emigration laws. The main dimensions,
and some of the general particulars of the vessel are given in the following table:
Length, overall 591 ft. - Length, on load-water line 580 ft. - Length, between
perpendiculars 570 ft. -
Breadth, moulded 74 ft. - Depth, moulded to shelter-deck 40 ft. - Load, draught 26 ft. - Gross, tonnage (about) 18.500 - Speed, on service 18.5 knots.
          The vessel is propelled by geared turbines of the double-reduction type, and we may mention that they gave entirely satisfactory results on the trials.
The maximum shaft horse power attained was over 20.000 and the highest mean speed on the measured mile exceeded 20 knots. The whole ship
was remarkably free from vibration and the noise of the gearing could hardly be detected outside the engine room. On a 12 hour trial at service speed, the power developed was 17.000 shaft h.p., the speed 19 knots, and the oil consumption 0.934 lb. per s.h.p. per hour.
          The vessel has a straight stem, well raked forward. an elliptical, stern (the lower portion of which is bossed out to accomodate the steering gear), two funnels and two pole masts.
Accommodation is provided by 208 first-class passengers, 268 second-class passengers, 1890 emigrants and 442 officers and crew, but, by
a special alternative arrangement of the cabins on the upper deck the number of Passengers carried can be increased to 364. and the number
of first class passengers reduced to 160.
Public rooms and ample recreation and promenading spaces are provided for all classes.
          The first-class public rooms arc. all particularly spacious and lofty. The headroom in the library, hall and music room is 10 ft. 3 in., while
in the smoke room and verandah café it is 10 ft. In the upper and lower dining saloons, which occupy the space between three decks, a headroom of 12 ft. has been obtained in the lower saloon, and 12 ft 6 in. in the upper saloon. Placing these apartments at a higher level than usual is a notable feature in the design of the vessel and has an important effect in rendering them exceptionally light and airy. Large dome skylights and coming lights are provided for the saloons as well as the ordinary windows or sidelights. Attention should also be drawn to the fact that the forward portion of the promenade deck is provided with Laycock’s windows all around, so that it can be used as a saloon in suitable climatic conditions.
          The owners were naturally desirous that their great experience of the requirements of the Italian and South American passenger trade
should be embodied in the designs and decorative schemes of the first-class public rooms. The whole of the work in this connection was therefore entrusted to the Italian firm of Messrs. Coppedé of Florence, who have designed and executed this portion of the contract in a manner which reflects great credit on that firm as well as on the owners.
          The main entrance hall is decorated in the style of the Italian Renaissance although some of the details are modern. Two varieties of wood are employed, namely, oak and mahogany, and these have been blended to give a rich and elegant effect. Hand carvings and inlay are employed, and four
large tapestries form the panels to the dome under the skylight. The stairway to the bridge deck has two branches from the entrance hall, combining
into one central stairway at the bridge deck; handsome carved balusters are used throughout. The windows and skylight are glazed
with stained glass, and artificial light is provided by two large gilt electroliers and numerous electric lamps on the ceiling.
          The Scheme of decoration for the library, which is situated or) the promenade dock right forward, is ill the style of the Tiiscan Renaissance, the
wood being polished walnut finely carved and inlaid. A very beautiful frieze runs round the sides, and about 50 small paintings of marine and land subjects
are embodied in the scheme. The furniture ill the library comprises sofas, bookcases and special tables. The contrast between the dark colour of the walls and
the bright colour of the ceiling gives a very pleasing effect, which is enhanced by the painted panels and by three large allegorical pictures. Artificial light
is effected by four wrought iron electric standards with six lights each, placed on the deck, in lieu of the usual ceiling lamps, but each table is
provided with its own special lamp.
          Aft of the entrance hall oil the promenade deck is the music room, for which the Pompeian style of decoration has been adopted, the materials employed being painted and carved wood. A beautiful frieze with allegorical pictures on a bright red background runs round the dome, while between the windows on the sides painted panels, with carved pilasters, have been placed; settees, mirrors and flower vases are placed round the sides of this apartment. The dome light is of stained glass, and a fine marble staircase leads to the upper dining saloon, from which the music room is separated by a glass partition. Artificial light is supplied by a large central electrolier and also by lamps on the ceiling.
          The upper dining saloon is capable of seating 74 passengers at small tables for two, four and six persons. It is decorated in tile style of Italian Renaissance slightly modified in some details; it is entered from the music room through a handsome glass vestibule. On the opposite wall and over the stairs is a valuable and artistic tapestry, while the sides of the apartment are formed by a carved dado, and tooled and gilt leather panels. Shelves to support flower vases and statuettes are fitted between the stained glass windows, the frames of which are elaborately carved with gilt allegorical heads on each side of them. A deep frieze with figures and flowers on a bright background extends round the tipper part of the walls, and two large pictures representing war episodes in the life of Conte Rosso, are placed in the ceiling, one on each side; these are surrounded by painted panels. A large central electrolier and many small lamps on the ceiling afford ample artificial light in this apartment.
          The smoking room is located on the after part of the upper promenade deck and is decorated in Moorish style after the Alcazar in Seville. The woods used are mahogany and chestnut, and the workmanship, which is particularly fine, includes a large amount of inlaid wood engraved work. Large mirrors with richly-carved frames are mounted on the walls, which also include panels of inlaid wood and tooled and gilt leather. At the sides of the windows are pilasters similar in design but on a smaller scale to those fitted at the doors leading to the passageways forward and to the verandah café aft. Four columns, composed of three pillars each, support the dome skylight, the sides of which are decorated with panels, while the top is glazed with stained glass. In the centre of the dome is a large circular electrolier for providing artificial light to the apartment.
          The decorative scheme of the verandah café, which adjoins the smoking room, is modern, and is carried out in white maple. The workmanship is very simple, but has been arranged to bring into prominence the fine grain of the wood so that the effect is admirable. Across the forward end there is a long settee with glass panels at the sides; small tables and cane chairs are arranged round the apartment. The verandah is enclosed at the after end, where columns support the boat deck above. Access to the latter is afforded by two ladder ways, one on each side.
          The lower dining saloon is situated on the bridge (leek and is capable of seating 176 passengers at small tables. It is decorated in similar style to the upper saloon, with which it is in communication at the after end by means of a very handsome oak staircase with rich carved balusters. At the forward end of the saloon is a large sideboard with a fine bronze panel above it, while between the windows at the sides are tooled and gilt leather panels. The door posts are formed by carved allegorical figures, and the ceiling at the sides is composed of painted panels. In the central portion of the ceiling is a painting by Professor Cavalieri, one of the foremost Italian artists, representing the triumphal return of Conte Rosso to Nice in 1388. Artificial illumination is supplied by rich electroliers mounted on the columns in the centre, and by lamps in the ceiling at the sides.
          The first-class cabins are exceptionally large, and a special feature of the accommodation is the provision of six “cabins de luxe” situated on the bridge deck on both sides of the main entrance hall. These cabins are framed and panelled in mahogany, and the outer walls, which form part of the main entrance on, this deck, are panelled in oak and mahogany in keeping with the surrounding framing and panelling. The furniture is of polished African walnut, and each room is fitted with two large wooden bedsteads, dressing table, writing table and chair, wardrobe and two easy chairs. In the dressing room adjoining are fitted a large marble bath, wash basin, with glass toilet racks, etc., W.C., bidet, with constant supply of hot and cold fresh water.
Inter-communicating doors to adjoining cabins are fitted so as to accommodate families “en suite”.
          There is also a group of 42 well appointed single-berth cabins on the bridge deck amidships, 12 large special cabins for two persons each, arranged on the promenade deck, and 11 cabins on the upper promenade deck. With the exception of the alternative first or second-class rooms, practically all the first-class staterooms are provided with bedsteads, no superimposed berths being fitted, and, wherever practicable, intercommunicating doors are provided between cabins. Wardrobe and easy chair, are fitted in each stateroom, and lighting and ventilation have been well provided for. A continuous supply of hot and cold fresh water is led to the wash-basin in each cabin. In addition to the ordinary bath room and lavatory accommodation, which is very ample, a somewhat unique arrangement has been introduced by the provision of two groups of baths and showers, for ladies and gentlemen respectively, on the bridge deck immediately forward of the single-berth staterooms. Access to these is afforded by a stairway and also by means of a passenger lift extending to the upper promenade deck.
          Second-class passengers are carried in four-berth cabins. Some of these cabins are situated on the tipper deck, some on the starboard side of the shelter deck amidships and the remainder in the after part of the bridge deck. The second-class dining saloon, which seats 254 persons, is in the after part of the promenade deck and the smoking room for second-class passengers is on the same deck at the extreme after end. Promenade space is provided along both sides of the dining room and smoking room, and also on the bridge deck over the smoking room.
          Sleeping accommodation for emigrants is provided on the upper deck and main deck, both forward and aft, and their dining room, which seats 450, is situated on the shelter deck forward. There is a covered promenade for emigrants forward of the dining space, and an open promenade above it on the bridge deck.
The accommodation for the officers and crew is generally situated close to that part of the vessel in which their duties are carried out. It is, however, placed higher than is usual on British ships in accordance with the new Italian laws governing this point. The engineers, for instance, are accommodated on the promenade deck, and it should be mentioned that the cabins and mess room are furnished and arranged in a particularly good style. The position of the first and second-class galleys and the accommodation Mr the cooks, & c., on the boat deck, should be specially noticed. The advantage of placing the kitchens above the level of the public rooms is, of course, that no smell of cooking can reach the latter. Service hoists are provided to convey food from the kitchens to the dining saloons.